Information on Disaster Risk Bangladesh

Overview of Disasters Bangladesh has a long history of natural disasters. Between 1980 and 2008, it endured 219 natural disasters. The geographical position, land characteristics, Multifariousness of gutters, and the thunderstorm climate render Bangladesh largely vulnerable to natural hazards. The littoral morphology of Bangladesh influences the impact of natural hazards on the area. Bangladesh suffers from cataracts, cyclones, storm swell, swash bank corrosion, earthquake, failure, saltness intrusion, fire, and riffle. Cyclones and cataracts particularly caused massive damages. Cyclones passed in 1970, 1991, 2007, and 2009 and killed, and 190 independently.   Recent Major Disasters Cyclone Aila (May 2009) Cyclone Aila hit  Bangladesh on Monday 25 May 2009 and has produced substantial damage across areas of southern Bangladesh. It caused 190 people dead and people affected. The total damage was USD270 million. Cyclone Sidr (November 2007) Cyclone Sidr hit the littoral areas on 15 November 2007. It affected people and killed them. The profitable damage caused by the cyclone is USD2.3 billion. Cyclone (April 1991) A cyclone passed in April 1991 in Chittagong killing people and affected people. The total damage wasUD$1.78 billion   Disaster Management System Legal System Disaster Management Act (2012) was espoused after collaborative sweats given by the GoB and development and civil society actors to produce a legislative tool under which disaster and exigency operation will be accepted. The objects of the Act are substantial reduction of the overall pitfalls of disasters to a respectable position with applicable threat reduction interventions, effective perpetration of post-disaster exigency response, recuperation and recovery measures, provision of exigency philanthropic backing to the most vulnerable community people, strengthening of institutional capacity for effective collaboration of disaster operation involving government and non-government associations and establishing a disaster operation system able of dealing with all hazards for the country. The National Disaster Management Policy, 2015, is formulated to define the public perspective on disaster threat reduction and exigency operation and to describe the strategic frame, and public principles of disaster operation in Bangladesh. Standing Orders on Disaster (SOD, 2019) provides a detailed institutional frame for disaster threat reduction and exigency operation. In addition to these legislative fabrics on disaster operation, there are some sectoral policies which laterally support disaster threat operation conditioning in different ways in Bangladesh. These are Public Debris Operation Guideline 2015, Policy Guideline of Management of Dead after Disasters 2016, Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, National Food and Agriculture Policy, National Education Policy, National Child Policy and Children Act, National Women Advancement Policy, National Water Policy 1999.   Organization Organization Chart Click here series of inter-related institutions, in both public and sub-national situations have been created for disaster operation. As per the Rules of Business of the Government of Bangladesh, the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) is commanded to formulate programs, prepare plans, and cover and coordinate all aspects of disaster conditioning. The field position conditioning of MoDMR are carried out by two inferior services.g. the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) and Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP), While DDM is responsible for the dispersion of all information on natural disasters, including deluge information at community position, deluge preparedness, mindfulness caregiving, and capacity structure conditioning, and also is responsible for conducting relief and rehabilitating operations with the help of quarter and Upazila administrations. The Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP) is established to support the disaster operation conditioning of applicable associations as well as MoDMR. Plan National Plan for Disaster Management (NPDM) 2021-25 is the revised interpretation of NPDM 2015-2020 prepared by the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR), grounded on wider consultations with the applicable ministries, departments, benefactors, academic institutions, NGOs, exploration associations, private sector, and development mates. NPDM 2021-25 is grounded on the four crucial principles of disaster threat operation, videlicet preparedness, early warning, and alert, exigency response, and recuperation, reconstruction, and recovery espoused from Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) and Standing Order on Disaster (SOD). This plan provides an environment, legal background, perpetration status of former plans, and likely situation of Bangladesh in the changing disaster threat environment. Article credit : adrc.asia  

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