“Fate of Single-Use Plastic (SUP) on inland water transport & its catastrophic effect on River” An awareness and participatory Program to Achieve SDG-6 & 14
Background of the Program
Bangladesh is a riverine country. Although transport system has significantly developed on past few decades, still water transport remained one of the major media of transportation for passengers and transporting goods across the country. Everyday numerous number of water vehicle transporting passengers and goods within the inland water-way of our country and among the peoples living by the places nearby river; launch is one of the most reliable medium of transport. It is more preferable than any other means due to comfort and affordability. Everyday around two lac people travels from one division to other via major launch routes of our country and millions in other inter district/division local launces. Thus a massive amount of waste generates (which includes food waste, human sludge, oil and others) during this trips and those became one of the major source of pollution of our rivers.
Inland water transports and Pollutions: Observations Among different types of water vehicle such as small boats, engine boats, speedboats, launces are most preferable inland water transport and mainly used during longer trips. So naturally almost every kind of consumables are available there including foods, beverage and this transports generates a massive amount of waste during each trip. Also passengers carries foods and other usable items on plastic bags during the trips on launches. All those trashes created during the trip including non-degradable plastic bottle, poly packs, often find their place in river due to lack of awareness of passengers and managements Even waste and trashes accumulated during cleaning of launches often kept alongside dustbins nearby riverbanks which sequentially find their places on river due to lack of proper governance. Majority portion of those waste are nondegradable and toxic materials which subsequently polluting water, destroying biodiversity, threatening lives in water and most importantly severely affecting environment. By the time toxic byproducts created from those also entering in our food chain.
Catastrophic effect on river
Due to lack of awareness and proper governance we are polluting river in numerous means among those dumping waste on river is one of the major source and majority portion of those are non-degradable materials. Everyday each person of our country generating waste of 800g among which 17% is plastic and polythene. During river cruse this generation raise by 20% also percentage of non-degradable materials among the waste raise up to 30%. Which creates early 16000 tons of plastic waste and maximum portion of this finds their place in river water. So the catastrophic effect is easily understandable. This enormous amount of waste which requires millions of dollar to be recycled became more expensive to re-collect from river and environmental cost becomes unimaginable. Those diffract sunlight from entering into water thus destroys life below water. Also by the time combining with other wastes they accumulate into the bottom of river and the micro plastics, nutrients enter into food chain; thus threatening lives in liver and ocean subsequently. Objective of Our program and Activities Bangladesh government has already taken several effective program and initiative to save river and conserve fisheries to achieve SDG. Many social organizations and NGO working alongside with government to achieve SDG-14 hence we Youth Foundation of Bangladesh (YFB) has undertaken an awareness and participatory program in order to develop awareness regarding “Fate of Single use Plastic (SUP) on inland water transport and its catastrophic effect on River”. This program designed to aware people about the SDG 6 & 14 and the effect of waste in river. It will also demonstrate how simple awareness can make a difference from throwing thousand tons of plastic into river and conserve the environment of water.
· Create awareness to keep launch terminal and launces clean.
· Ensure dustbin and recycle bins on launch terminal and launces.
· Observe waste disposal/management system/facilities of inland terminals and suggest necessary remediation.
· Create awareness to stop dumping waste from launches to river.
· Ensuring continuous worker to maintain cleanness and environment on terminal and launches.
· Providing training to existing facilities and worker regarding waste disposal/management, cleanness.
· Encourage and ensure SDG-14 awareness massages to be printed on launce tickets in order to promote SDG.
· Promoting cleanness and goals of SDG, especially SDG 14 by ensuring visible signboard in launch and launch terminals.
· Providing and ensuring video documentary to be played on the TV screens of launches and terminal; explaining catastrophic effect of waste and how to avoid it. Also this will be proposed to be telecasted on national media.
· Aware every kind of water transport to maintain cleanness and waste disposal. Awareness Programs To successfully create awareness regarding SDG-14, avoid dumping waste on river several initiatives will be demonstrated gradually. Those are
· YFB will engage our vast team of youth volunteer including selected volunteer team from different social organization, students from educational institutes (school, college and university etc.)
· Contemplative and dynamic campaigns will be held on different launch terminal and launches to promote the program goal and awareness.
· Objectives and awareness will be promoted and displayed to the Passengers of launches through various interactive campaign event.
· Leaflet, notice board, banner and sticker will be distributed among passengers and stakeholders.
· Launch terminal and launches will be provided with sustainable and eco-friendly recycle bins.
· Documentary based on SDG awareness, effect of SUP in water and its proper
management will be prepared, telecasted on TV and displayed on terminal and
· Year-long campaign on launch terminal along with launches, seminar, workshop and owledge exchange program with govt. officials, inland water transport authorities, launch owner and workers, businessman, leaseholders will be conducted simultaneously during the program to promote SDG-14 and awareness.
· Dedicated workshop & awareness sessions for the in-house staff of each launch company will be held during the program.
· Sponsoring & Supporting organization/personnel with this program will be entitled and awarded as SDG sailor. Their name will be published with program reports and will be proposed to govt./ministry to recognized nationally for contributing promote SDG. Coordination with Stakeholders During crises such as this, strong coordination between all stakeholders is essential. YFB will coordinate and ensure close involvement of Department of Environment, Ministry of Shipping, Bangladesh inland water transport authority (BIWTA) in this project. Also city corporations, municipal corporations, district councils, law enforcement, leaseholder, businessman, owners & worker’s associations of inland water transports along with research institutes will be coordinated and various workshop, seminar, knowledge exchange program will be held to address this issue. Also manufacturer of the products that creates SUP will be ensured in this coordination in order to ensure maximum efficiency of the project.